Category: COLUMBIA - Columbia 1899Third victorious design of "Nat" Herreshoff

Designing a Cup racer was getting to be an engineering problem in figuring out new forms of construction, strength of material, rigging, etc. In these things "Nat" Herreshoff excelled, and in addition to being counted one of our foremost designers and the one with the greatest experience in large "single stickers," the boats were constructed at his own plant.

1899 Hand colored wood engraving from Harper's Weekly showing the "Launching of Columbia"For the defense of the Cup another syndicate was formed in the New York Yacht Club. This time it was headed by J. Pierpont Morgan, and C. Oliver Iselin was again chosen as managing owner, to have charge of the new boat during the season.

Of course Herreshoff was the designer and builder. The boat was built under lock and key, and long after any need for secrecy was past the impatient public was denied any information as to what Columhia, which was the name decided upon, would be like. Of course rumors sifted through locked doors, but they were about as reliable as such rumors usually are.

When Columbia was finally launched on June 10, and measured, it was known that she was 131 feet over all; 89 feet 8 inches on the water; 24 feet beam, and 19 feet 3 inches draft; with 13,135 square feet of muslin. She was plated with manganese bronze below the water and steel above, and her spars were built of steel, except her bowsprit, and, of course, her spinnaker boom. She carried ninety tons of lead at the bottom of her nineteen-foot fin, which exerted great leverage at that depth and allowed her to carry her sail on a fairly narrow beam. She was also rather flat amidships, and in profile the challenger and the defender were very similar, though the Shamrock was the more powerful-looking, with greater beam and draft and slightly more free-board.

Columbia was a beautiful boat, the handsomest yacht ever produced, all critics agreed, and from the first she showed great speed.


 Designer   Herreshoff Manufacturing Company
 Builder   Nathanael Greene Herreshoff
 Owner   J. Pierpont Morgan et W. Buttler Duncan, C. Oliver Iselin
 Club   New York Yacht Club
 Cup   Edition 10 (1899) - Edition 11 (1901)
 Skipper   Charles BARR,
 Afterguard   Mrs. Hope ISELIN GODDARD
 Launching   June 10th, 1899
 Type   Fin keel sloop
 Hull material   Bronze
 Mast material   steel
 L.O.A.   131' 0
 L.W.L.   89. 9
 Beam   24' 0
 Draft   19' 9
 Mainmast   22,55 m
 Mainboom   32,30 m
 Maintopmast   19,66 m
 Maingaff   19,80 m
 Displacement   163.9 short tons (148.7 metric tons)
 Sail area   13,880sq ft
 Rating   102,13 ft
 End of life   Sold for scrap in winter of 1914/1915.


Columbia 1899 half hull wooden hand crafted.
Shamrock 1899 half hull wooden hand crafted.

Columbia 1899 - profile and stations


Plan created with DELFTSHIP
Plan of Columbia created with DELFTSHIP


Front view of Columbia created ??with DELFTSHIP

Download the MODEL FOR DELFTSHIP : Hull only

Download the MODEL FOR DELFTSHIP : Full model

Back view of Columbia created ??with DELFTSHIP

Sail plan of Columbia