Category: DEFENDER

The Lawson History of the America's Cup - Winfield M. Thompson, Thomas W. Lawson - Google Livres1895 America's Cup defender

Defender was designed by Nathanael Greene Herreshoff and built by the Herreshoff Manufacturing Company in 1895. It was Herreshoff's second victorious America's Cup defender design. She was a sloop with all-metal construction: steel, aluminum, and manganese bronze.

Defender was owned by William Kissam Vanderbilt, Edwin Dennison Morgan and Charles Oliver Iselin, and skippered by Henry C. Haff.

Between July 20 and August 8 , Defender participates in a series of regattas especially against Vigilant which has been prepared for the occasion.

From August 20 to 30, Defender defeated the New York Yacht Club's Vigilant in the trial races for defend the Cup against British keel cutter Valkyrie III.

The races for America's Cup

Defender Prints by Henry B. Snell at from 7 to 12 September 1895, at New York.
- the contest was to be decided by the winning three races out of five.
- the first, third and fifth races to be to windward and leeward, the second and fourth over a triangle, all courses to be thirty miles, and laid to windward when possible.
- the starts to be from Sandy Hook light-vessel.
- starting signals to be given at 11 o'clock, and delayed only in event of changing the starting-point, fog, or agreed postponement; preparatory gun to be fired ten minutes before starting signal, and handicap gun two minutes after
- time limit for races six hours.
- all length over eighty-nine feet load water-line to count double in figuring racing length for time allowance.
- vessels to be allowed time for repairs in case of an accident.
- yachts to be measured with all weights on board to be carried in a race, restrictions as to bulkheads, floors, doors, water-tanks and anchor being waived.

Defender is confronted Valkyrie III, the challenger of Royal Yacht Squadron.
Three regattas are "raced". Defender beat Valkyrie III, three wins to nil.

- September 7, 1st race, 30 miles, windward-leeward : Defender beat Valkyrie III by 8 mn 49 s corrected time. Claim of Lord Dunraven for modification of the waterline length of Defender. Claim rejected : Defender 1 - Valkyrie 0.
- September 10, 2nd race, 30 miles, triangle : Valkyrie IIIbeat Defender by 47 s corrected time. Claim of Charles Oliver Iselin for denial of priority. Claim accepted : Defender 2 - Valkyrie 0.
- September 12, 3rd race, 30 miles, windward-leeward : Valkyrie III cuts the starting line and leaves. Defender 3 - Valkyrie 0.

A challenge to forget, a real fiasco.

Columbia and Defender in the trial races - The "America's" cup racesFollowing the contest, Defender was towed to New Rochelle where it remained for another four years without sailing.

On 1899, it was rebuilt to race trials against the America's Cup defense candidate, Columbia.

Juin 1901: Defender was broken up in 1901.