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ORGANISATION DE LA DEFENSE DE 1934

Catégorie : 1934 : DEFI N°15

Yankee and Rainbow with their spinnakers flying during a pre-America's Cup trial race for the defenders position.  Rainbow won the spot to defend the Cup and went on to win the 1934 America's Cup.  From the Edwin Levick Collection.Harold S. Vanderblit et Junius Spencer Morgan à la tête des syndicats pour l'America's Cup

1er Novembre 1933.— Là où il y a trois ans quatre bateaux ont été construits, Enterprise, Weetamoe, Whirlwind et Yankee pour l'honneur de défendre la Coupe de l'America, seuls deux syndicats se forment à ce jour pour le défi de 1934.

Harold S. Vanderbilt, qui a mené Enterprise à la victoire en quatre courses consécutives sur Shamrock V de Sir Thomas Lipton en 1930, sera à la tête d'un syndicat, probablement associé avec Winthrop W. Aldrich. Le Commodore Junius Spencer Morgan du New York Yacht Club organisera l'autre groupe. On croit savoir dans le milieu du yachting qu'aucun syndicat ne sera formé en Nouvelle-Angleterre. En 1930, Yankee, dirigé par Charles Francis Adams, alors secrétaire de la Navy, et Whirlwind avaient été l'oeuvre de syndicats de Nouvelle-Angleterre.

Avec les nouvelles règles, les dispositifs mécaniques sous le pont pour les manœuvres de voile et le mât en duralumin sont interdits. Cela empêche Enterprise d’être candidat en 1934 mais Weetamoe, un autre participant sérieux de 1930, a déjà été converti pour se conformer aux nouvelles spécifications.

The Vanitie racing off MarbleheadLes plans de Vanderbilt ont progressé à un tel point qu'il a déjà reçu deux modèles conçus par W. Starling Burgess qui a dessiné les plans pour Enterprise. Ces deux modèles se sont montrés plus rapides que le modèle des années 1930.

December 07, 1933.— Yankee, le yacht du syndicat de Boston éliminé en 1930, pourrait encore une fois être sous voile pour participer à la compétition de la défense de la Coupe de l'America pour le match contre Endeavour le challenger de T.O.M. Sopwith en septembre prochain.

COURSES DE PRÉPARATION NON OFFICIELLES

20 mai - 2 juin.—Premiers essais expérimentaux avec le vétéran Vanitie: Rainbow gagne les 20, 22, 27 mai et le 2 juin mais perd le 21 mai.

3 juin.— "LE YACHT DE BOSTON DOMINE RAINBOW; Yankee, Le yacht de Boston pour la Coupe de l'America est revenu aujourd'hui après quatre ans et a fait battu le nouveau Rainbow."

4 juin.— "RAINBOW TRIOMPHE DANS UNE COURSE DE 29 MILES; il défait facilement Vanitie et Yankee au large de Newport, réalisant son meilleur résultat à ce jour."

9 juin.— "RAINBOW GAGNE A NEWPORT; il fait une demonstration sur le louvoyage contre Vanitie et Yankee. La marge est de 40 secondes avec le yacht de Lambert, brillant deuxième sur un parcours de 21,5 miles."

Plans pour les compétitions préliminaires pour la Coupe de l'America

WEETAMOE, using sail #J4, and VANITIE, #I/3, New York Yacht Club Cruise, 1933NEWPORT, R. I., 15 juin.-—-Le comité de course du New York Yacht Club s'est réuni ce soir à bord du yacht Wilhelmina pour discuter des compétitions préliminaires pour les bateaux de la Coupe de l'America qui commencent demain. Ces sept courses seront la première des trois séries pour choisir un défenseur contre le défi du Royal Yacht Squadron.
Le yacht de Boston, Yankee, ne courra pas demain car son capitaine, l'ancien Secrétaire de la Marine Charles Francis Adams, sera au mariage de son fils.

Le nouveau Rainbow, dont Harold S. Vanderbilt est manager et skipper, va s'engager dans une confrontation à trois. Il rencontrera Weetamoe, de Frederick H. Prince, comme Yankee un candidat rajeuni de 1930, et Vanitie, non éligibles pour la défense de la Coupe à cause de son grand gréement. Gerard B. Lambert, proprietaire de Vanitie, paie la totalité du coût de sa participation au concours. En outre, il est membre du syndicat Rainbow.

Après-demain, les quatre yachts courront par paires dans les conditions de la Coupe. Le New York Yacht Club a bousculé la tradition en décidant de courir dimanche pour permettre aux plaisanciers de se rendre vendredi prochain à la course en équipage Yale-Harvard à New London, au Connecticut. Il a également été décidé que les appariements pour chaque course devaient être annoncés la veille à 21:00.

La deuxième série, appelée course d'observation, débutera le 7 Juillet et continuera, comme convenu, "pendant environ deux semaines."
Avant ces épreuves, les yachts seront jaugés pour déterminer s'ils sont conformes aux règles de la Coupe. La course du 9 Juillet sera organisée par le Eastern Yacht Club de Marblehead, Mass.

Épreuves finales: début le 22 août : Après la croisière du New York Yacht Club début Août, les épreuves finales auront lieu à partir du 22 août. Aucun nombre de courses n'a été stipulé, étant simplement entendu que les courses continueront jusqu'à ce que le défenseur soit sélectionné.
Edward Lang, le président du comité de course, a montré un plan des parcours qu'il avait élaboré et qui a été très apprécié. Ces parcours seront autour du bateau phare de Brenton Reef. Plus tard, les yachts navigueront sur le parcours international extérieur avec le départ neuf miles au sud-est de Brenton.

Le comité de la Coupe de l'America est composé du Vice Commodore W. A. W.- Stewart, président; du Commodore Junius S. Morgan, du Commodore adjoint E. Townsend Irvin, de Cornelius Vanderbilt, Van S. Merle-Smith et George A. Cormack, secrétaire. Le comité de course est composé de Mr. Lang, Clinton Mackenzie et E. Vail Stebbins, secrétaire.

1. SÉRIES PRÉLIMINAIRES POUR LA SÉLECTION DU DÉFENSEUR - 16 au 24 JUIN

FIRST PRELIMINARY RACE, JUNE 16
1st and 2nd Divisions
1 Rainbow 4:37:28
2 Weetamoe 4:40:26
3 Vanitie Far astern
SECOND PRELIMINARY RACE, JUNE 17
1st Division
1 Rainbow  
2 Weetamoe 3' 32"
Rainbow wins
2nd Division
1 Vanitie  
2 Yankee 6' 17"
Vanitie wins
THIRD PRELIMINARY RACE, JUNE 18
1st Division
1 Rainbow  
2 Vanitie 2' 09"
Rainbow wins
2nd Division
1 Yankee  
2 Weetamoe 9' 08"
Yankee wins
FOURTH PRELIMINARY RACE, JUNE 21
1st Division
1 Rainbow  
2 Weetamoe 5' 07"
Rainbow wins
2nd Division
1 Yankee  
2 Vanitie 6' 17"
Yankee wins
FIFTH PRELIMINARY RACE, JUNE 24
1st Division
1 Yankee  
2 Rainbow 0' 58"
Yankee wins
2nd Division
1 Weetamoe  
2 Vanitie 2' 44"
Weetamoe wins
The Rainbow and Yankee during the Nichols Cup races.  Prior to the Americas Cup, Rainbow and Yankee competed in several intense races to determine which would be the next defender.  From the Edwin Levick Collection

 

POINTS WON DURING THE PRELIMINARY RACES
  1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th TOTAL
Rainbow 3 2 2 2 1 10
Yankee 0 1 2 2 2 7
Weetamoe 2 1 1 1 2 7
Vanitie* 1 2 1 1 1 6

Dans la série préliminaire, Rainbow a remporté quatre courses et Yankee trois. Weetamoe menait une course qui a été annulée pour dépassement du temps limite. Dans ces courses, les voiles d'avant ont posé des problèmes sur les trois bateaux américains. Ils ne pouvaient pas border leurs focs suffisamment pour les empêcher de faseyer. Un problème qu'a connu aussi le challenger anglais Endeavour.

Les courses d'observation sont prévues à partir du 7 Juillet pour deux semaines et sont considérées comme les premiers tests réels. Yankee, le candidat de Boston, était le seul des trois candidats prêt pour ces courses. Rainbow et Weetamoe ont été obligés de changer leur dérive en bronze, trop lourde pour le nouveau règlement. Les nouvelles sont faites avec des panneaux en bois de teck pris en sandwich entre des plaques de bronze de 5/16 pouces d’épaisseur. La nouvelle dérive de Rainbow n'est pas terminée et ne le sera pas avant dimanche au plus tôt.

* Vanitie inéligible pour la sélection

2. Les courses d'Observation - 07-19 JUILLET

FIRST OBSERVATION RACE, JULY 07
1st and 2nd Divisions
1 Yankee  
2 Weetamoe 5' 24"
3 Rainbow D.N.S.
SECOND OBSERVATION RACE, JULY 08
1st Division
1 Rainbow D.N.S.
2 Weetamoe D.N.S.
No winner
2nd Division
1 Vanitie  
2 Yankee 7' 30"
Vanitie wins
THIRD OBSERVATION RACE, JULY 10
1st Division
1 Yankee  
2 Rainbow 5' 27"
Yankee wins
2nd Division
1 Vanitie  
2 Weetamoe D.N.S.
No winner
Spectators at America's Cup trials, 1934 by Rosenfeld and Sons
FIFTH OBSERVATION RACE, JULY 12
1st Division
1 Yankee  
2 Weetamoe 3' 12"
Yankee wins
2nd Division
1 Vanitie  
2 Rainbow 1' 08"
Vanitie wins
SIXTH OBSERVATION RACE, JULY 13
1st and 2nd Divisions
1 Yankee  
2 Rainbow 0' 12"
3 Weetamoe 7' 05"
SEVENTH OBSERVATION RACE, JULY 14
1st Division
1 Yankee  
2 Rainbow 4' 00"
Yankee wins
2nd Division
1 Vanitie  
2 Weetamoe 5' 14"
Vanitie wins
EIGHTH OBSERVATION RACE, JULY 16
1st Division
1 Rainbow  
2 Weetamoe 3' 39"
Rainbow wins
2nd Division
1 Yankee  
2 Vanitie 5' 57"
Yankee wins
NINTH OBSERVATION RACE, JULY 17
1st Division
1 Yankee  
2 Rainbow 0' 24"
Yankee wins
2nd Division
1 Vanitie  
2 Weetamoe D.N.S.
No winner
TENTH OBSERVATION RACE, JULY 18
1st Division
1 Yankee  
2 Weetamoe 8' 32"
Yankee wins
2nd Division
1 Rainbow  
2 Vanitie 7' 01"
Rainbow wins
ELEVENTH OBSERVATION RACE, JULY 19
1st Division
1 Rainbow  
2 Weetamoe 2' 22"
Rainbow winS
2nd Division
1 Vanitie  
2 Yankee D.N.F.
Vanitie wins
VANITIE and YANKEE, 1934 - Rosenfeld Collection

 

POINTS WON DURING THE OBSERVATION RACES
  Race 1 Race 2 Race 3 Race 5 Race 6 Race 7 Race 8 Race 9 Race 10 Race 11 TOTAL
Yankee 3 1 2 2 3 2 2 2 2 0 19
Rainbow 0 0 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 12
Weetamoe 2 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 8
Vanitie 0 2 2 2 0 2 1 2 1 2 14

Grosse domination de Yankee qui compte 8 victoires et seulement deux défaites contre Vanitie dont une sur abandon suite a la blessure du capitaine Olsen. Rainbow ne compte que trois victoires sur Weetamoe (2) et Vanitie mais aucune sur Yankee. Weetamoe n'a jamais gagné.
A noter la décision du Comité de course de disqualifier Yankee dans la dernière course préliminaire du 24 juin contre Rainbow.

3. LA CROISIÈRE DU NEW YORK YACHT CLUB, 10-17 AOÛT

CHART OF THE NEW YORK YACHT CLUB CRUISE (AUGUST 2-9, 1930)
RACE NEW LONDON TO NEWPORT
AUGUST 10
1 Yankee 3:44:56  
2 Rainbow 3:45:05 0' 09"
3 Vanitie 3:45:59 0' 37"
4 Weetamoe 3:47:33 3' 03"
WEETAMOE, #J1, and YANKEE, #J2, New York Yacht Club Cruise, 1934
RACE NEWPORT TO MATTAPOISETT
AUGUST 11
1 Vanitie 4:47:48  
2 Weetamoe 4:48:53 1' 05"
3 Yankee 4:49:27 1' 39"
4 Rainbow 4:52:59 5' 11"
RACE IN BUZZZARD'S BAY
AUGUST 13
1 Yankee 3:11:21  
2 Weetamoe 3:12:54 1' 33"
3 Rainbow 3:13:52 2' 31"
4 Vanitie 3:16:49 5' 28"
YANKEE, RAINBOW Crossing Tacks
MATTAPOISETT TO VINEYARD HAVEN
AUGUST 14
1 Yankee 6:33:58  
2 Vanitie 6:39:12 5' 14"
3 Rainbow 6:49:18 15' 20"
4 Weetamoe D.N.F.  
RACE VINEYARD HAVEN TO NEWPORT
AUGUST 15
1 Vanitie 4:52:10  
2 Weetamoe 4:52:32 0' 22"
3 Yankee 4:52:58 0' 48"
4 Rainbow D.N.F.  
ASTOR CUP
AUGUST 16
1 Rainbow 3:33:04  
2 Yankee 3:39:43 6' 39"
3 Vanitie 3:40:27 7' 23"
4 Weetamoe 3:42:44 9' 40"
KING'S CUP
AUGUST 17
1 Rainbow 3:42:05  
2 Weetamoe 3:45:05 3' 00"
3 Yankee 3:45:27 3' 22"
4 Vanitie 3:46:57 4' 52"

 

POINTS WON ON THE NEW YORK YACHT CLUB CRUISE
  10 AUG 11 AUG 13 AUG 14 AUG 15 AUG 16 AUG 17 AUG TOTAL
Yankee 4 2 4 4 2 3 2 21
Rainbow 3 1 2 2 1 4 4 17
Weetamoe 1 3 3 0 3 1 3 14
Vanitie* 2 4 1 3 4 3 1 18

As a result of the preliminary cup defense trials, the observation ones and the cruise racing, there is little to choose between Yankee and Rainbow when it comes to figuring contests won. Eliminating Vanitie, and getting down to the boat-for-boat results between the defense yachts, Yankee has come out ahead twelve times, Rainbow ten and Weetamoe three.
Yankee won only one of the preliminary trials, took eight of the observation ones and three cruise contests. Rainbow won five of the preliminaries, three of the observation ones and both the Astor and King's Cups. Weetamoe won one observation race and came in ahead of the two others on two cruise runs, on which Vanitie finished first.

OFFICIAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE FINAL TRIAL RACES

Conditions. These races will be held off Newport commencing Aug. 22, 1934, and will continue until the America's Cup committee has selected the defender.
Courses. The races will be sailed over courses approximately ?fteen nautical miles to windward or leeward and return, or triangular, with approximately ten nautical miles to the leg. The comgass direction of the courses will be signaled by code ?ags.
Signals for a windward or leeward race will indicate the direction of the first leg of the course. .
Signals for a triangular race will indicate the direction of the legs in the order of sailing and must be read beginning on the forward hoist.
Starting and Finishing Lines. The starting and finishing lines will be between a white flag on the race committee boat and the international yacht race lighted whistle buoy established nine nautical miles southeast (magnetic) from the Brenton Reef lightship, which buoy will be the mark at the start and finish.
The committee boat will display a race committee ?ag and at the ?nish will hoist a red cylinder. In fog it will, at intervals, ring a bell rapidly for about five seconds.
Marks. The marks referred to in these instructions, where not otherwise described, will be white floats carrying a red ball with white stripe. surmounted by a club burgee.
In windward and leeward races, the outer mark and finishing mark shall be left on the starboard hand.
In triangular races. the yachts shall pass all marks on the outside of the triangle.
Marks. The marks referred to in these instructions, where not otherwise described, will be white floats carrying a red ball with white stripe. surmounted by a club burgee.
In windward and leeward races, the outer mark and finishing mark shall be left on the starboard hand.
In triangular races. the yachts shall pass all marks on the outside of the triangle.
Starters. The racing numbers of the yachts which’ will sail in each race will be displayed on the race committee boat when the course signals are made.
Starting Signals. 11:15—Course signals will be made.
11:30-Warning, white cone.
11:35-Preparatory, blue and white cone.
11:40—Start, one red cylinder.
Times are daylight saving.
Special Signals. G. Race postponed until later in the day (at 15 minute intervals). ‘
H. Race postponed for the day.
J- Race is off.
Q. Come within hail.
Recall Signal. The recall number of each yacht will be its racing number.
Time Limit. If in any race none of the yachts has finished within five and ‘one-half hours, the race will be declared off.

4. FINAL TRIAL RACES TO SELECT THE DEFENDER, 22-30 AOÛT

First trial race - August 22 - Rainbow vs. Weetamoe

NEWPORT, R.I., Aug. 22.— RAINBOW IS VICTOR; BEATS WEETAMOE; Vanderbilt's Cup Candidate Outsails Rival by 2 Minutes and 34 Seconds.

Second trial race - August 23- Rainbow vs. Yankee

Rainbow and Yankee as they jockeyed across the starting line off NewportCUP YACHT YANKEE OUTSAILS RAINBOW; Wins Decisively by 6 Minutes 20 Seconds in Second of Final Trials.

NEWPORT, R. I., Aug. 23. -—- There was a postponement of the start until an apparent breeze settling came after an uncertainty. The air then waited eight miles an hour from northwest by west. A long windward thrash was desired, and one could not be obtained inshore, so a run to sea of fifteen miles was decided upon, with a beat back. The outer buoy was two and one-half miles off No Man’s Land, a well-named sand heap. The start was at 12:10 P. M.

Jockey for Positions - They jockeyed for position under staysails for their forward pull, with Genoas up in stops. Yankee's mainsail was loose on the leech, and as she squared off the wind it fell there in wrinkles. She was away first with her Genoa broken out. Rainbow went under her stern, heading for a position to blanket her. Just as she crossed the line Rainbow’s parachute was set. Yankee's was put on and her Genoa taken in.
Harold S. Vanderbilt poked Rainbow’s bow close up under Yankee's lee, and the latter's sails fell in a momentary blanket. But Rainbow’s also fluttered from back wind. The breeze had fallen all of a sudden, and Rainbow did not have enough air in her canvas to carry through a blanket. However, Rainbow moved up beside Yankee, and it was a nose and nose urge for a time. The sails of both yachts bagged until their parachutes crumbled like un-poled circus tents, with just enough breath in them to keep them from falling completely.

Yankee Draws Out - Yankee drew out a boat length. Her smaller parachute with less cloth weight in it filled better than Rainbow’s. In twenty minutes she was out five lengths. They lagged along for an hour. Then a little air sprang up. Rainbow, being the stern boat, caught it ?rst. Her parachute filled and she overtook Yankee, but the air ran out of her and she stopped as if caught on a rock.
Rainbow and Yankee - ROSENFELD Morris, 1885-1968 (USA)Yankee went out in front again. The air backed and Rainbow’s parachute was taken in. She jibed, as did Yankee. Rainbow lay under mainsail alone for a time. A small Genoa was run up on Yankee. Then a large one was broken out on Rainbow. Yankee reached across Rainbow’s bow; then Rainbow crossed Yankee's stern. Ordinary spinnakers, were set on the other hand, with Genoas. Rainbow moved up again on even terms with Yankee and on the weather side of her. It was a remarkably even drifting match. There still was not enough air to fill their sails. Yankee took in her spinnaker and jibed. So did Rainbow. That placed Yankee technically to weather, only there wasn't any weather in a sailing sense. Spinnakers were put out once more. The pair were a mile from the mark. There the air came northeast by north. They could just carry their winged kites sheeted far out. Rainbow was slightly ahead. Yankee's spinnaker was taken oft ?rst in preparation for a. jibe around the mark. Rainbow’s was kept on until the last minute.

Rainbow Close to Buoy - Rainbow rounded 10 seconds ahead, but passed so close to the buoy she had to veer off, and Yankee, bearing off, turned inside her into the windward position for the close-haul work. Rainbow rounded at 2:39:30, and Yankee at 2:39:40. The breeze rose to seven knots, and that was where Rainbow did not harden in her canvas fast enough. She put on two headsails eventually, whereas Yankee set a Genoa and went out for a sail by herself. Rainbow swung under her stern.
Yankee went about to cover her and Rainbow swung back clear. With her two headsails Rainbow could tack faster than Yankee with her clumsy one. Vanderbilt baited Charles Francis Adams into one tack of speed, but could not succeed in the manoeuver again.

RACE 2 - AUGUST 23
15 miles to leeward and return
  1st LEG RACE GAP
1 Yankee 2:29:40 4:59:05  
2 Rainbow 2:29:30 5:05:25 6' 20"

Yankee, clear out ahead, began to sail the course. Rainbow went for more air near shore. Finally her double head rig was taken off and a Genoa set. Yankee turned on a tack inshore to prevent Rainbow getting any more wind than she had. The tide set them to the eastward considerably. When they both went about sailing the course Yankee was a mile ahead. Under her Genoa Rainbow began going and reduced that distance a quarter of a mile. Also the breeze rose to seven knots.

Yankee crossed the ?nish at 5:09:05 and Rainbow at 5:15:25.
Weetamoe and Yankee will be paired tomorrow.

Third trial race - August 24 - Yankee vs. Weetamoe

NEWPORT, R.I., Aug. 24.— YANKEE WINS AGAIN IN DEFENSE TRIALS; Leads Weetamoe by 1 Minute 11 Seconds in Third of Final Series Off Newport.

Fourth trial race - August 25 - Rainbow vs. Weetamoe

NEWPORT, R.I., Aug. 25.— RAINBOW VICTOR, BEATING WEETAMOE IN FOURTH CUP TRIAL; Crosses Finish Line 4 Minutes 28 Seconds Ahead in 30-Mile Race Off Newport. WEETAMOE IS ELIMINATED.

Fifth trial race - August 27 - Rainbow vs. Yankee

NEWPORT, R.I., Aug. 27.— RAINBOW TRIUMPHS IN DEFENSE TRIAL. SCORES IN LIGHT BREEZE; Outsails Yankee by 3 Minutes 7 Seconds Over Thirty-Mile Triangular Course.

The New York Times - RIVAL AMERICA’S CUP BOATS AT FIRST MARK IN TRIAL OFF NEWPORT. Rainbow (right) just after turning buoy. She is shown at end of initial leg of triangular course in test with Yankee monday.There were only flickers of air when the racers went out but the selection committee seeking all possibility of action after the postponement yesterday, ordered the yachts out. A postponement signal was hoisted on the race committee yacht. After two hours a breeze came from the southeast and the course flags were run up. Both racers set Genoas to use to windward in the light air and smooth conditions in which the wind would not spill from the sails. Rainbow's single large headsail, sheeted out around her shrouds, drew well.

The yachts were slow to the starting line. Rainbow crossed one minute after the signal and Yankee forty-five seconds after her. Rainbow went about right after the start and so did Yankee. They made a long port board to the southward. For a time it appeared that first one and then the other gained by pointing higher or footing out. Thirty-eight minutes after the start Yankee went about. So did Rainbow. The breeze was softening a bit, and, being uncertain, Rainbow, with her slight lead, did not intend to have Yankee get away into perhaps more breeze.

When they straightened out on the other hand, the starboard tack, Rainbow began to move out well ahead. The breeze hauled so they could lay the mark then. Rainbow went about the >Trial Run of Rainbow at Bristol, 1934.first buoy at 3:16:30, after the start at 1:25 P. M., and Yankee turned at 3:19:10. It was there Rainbow led by 2 minutes and 40 seconds.

Upon rounding Genoas were carried over on the other hand and mainsails started for the close reach. The sloops slid along easily to the second mark with but low splashes of foam from their bows.
At the second turn Rainbow had a lead of 3 minutes and 10 seconds, having gained thirty seconds in the ten miles with sheets eased some. The turning times there were Rainbow 4:15:10, Yankee 4:18:20. It was a jibe around there for a run to the finish.

A spinnaker pole was run out on Rainbow as soon as she rounded, but her kite was not put on. It was figured the breeze was not quite far enough astern to fill it. Rainbow went on with her mainsail and Genoa pulling. Yankee set her spinnaker sheeted far forward to carry it. The kite sagged and she lugged it. Also it smothered her Genoa. Rainbow drew out.

RACE 5 - AUGUST 27
Triangle 3 x 10 miles
  1st LEG 1st LEG RACE GAP
1 Rainbow 1:51:30 2:50:10 4:08:51  
2 Yankee 1:54:10 2:53:20 4:11:58 3' 07"

Halfway down the last leg of the course the breeze hauled a bit more aft. Yankee’s spinnaker filled. She got the change first, being the stern boat in the following air. Those on Rainbow were alert. Out went her spinnaker in a hurry. Yankee changed her plain spinnaker and Genoa for a parachute. With it she closed up on Rainbow to gain the three seconds in ten miles. Rainbow, saving her parachute, finished at 5:33:51 and Yankee at 5:36:58.

It was announced tonight that another contest would be held tomorrow. Rainbow now has won three of the final trials to Yankee's two. Each has beaten the other once. Of her last six races, including the Astor and King's Cup contests, Rainbow has won five, and of her last four races in which Yankee has competed Rainbow has won three.

Sixth trial race - August 28 - Rainbow vs. Yankee

NEWPORT, R.I., Aug. 28.— MISHAP TO YANKEE HALTS YACHT RACE; Jumper Stay Splinters in Face of Squall and Contest With Rainbow Is Abandoned.

Seventh trial race - August 30 - Rainbow vs. Yankee

NEWPORT, R.I., Aug. 30.— RAINBOW IS VICTOR IN 7TH CUP TRIAL; Leads Yankee by 2 Minutes 21 Seconds for 5th Triumph in the Series.

Rainbow (foreground) and Yankee during test off Newport.Today's race started in a white-capped sea with a fourteen-knot breeze north by east. The breeze fell considerably at the second mark, as did the sea, but both came up again and the wind was thirteen knots at the finish.

Both yachts broke out Genoas on crossing the line. Yankee headed up and suddenly Rainbow luffed her. Rainbow’s sails were flattened down and she was footing faster. Both swung up off the course. Yankee's sails were eased off and they fluttered. Rainbow bore off, but as Yankee turned with her Rainbow luffed a second time. Rainbow was heeled over with her rail down. When she headed back on the course again she was four lengths ahead of Yankee. They held slightly high of the course in the reach and half way along that first ten miles were able to set spinnakers. Rainbow put on an ordinary one, with a Genoa. Yankee set her parachute. Rainbow then had a lead of a quarter of a mile.
The breeze lightened considerably. As they neared the turning mark, Yankee’s parachute was taken off. Rainbow's spinnaker was kept on until the last minute. Rainbow went around the buoy at 12:57:45 and Yankee at 12:59:55. That gave Rainbow her lead of 2 minutes 10 seconds.

After rounding, Rainbow went on the port tack. Yankee swung around into the starboard one. Rainbow turned to keep Yankee under her. Both carried Genoas to the windward in the light air and smoothed sea. In nine minutes Yankee tacked. When she moved over with Rainbow the latter tacked on her weather bow. They were heading past Cuttyhunk. There the breeze began coming back. Both began heeling under it. Past red Vineyard Sound Lightship they were traveling fast. The second mark was near black and white Hen and Chickens Lightship, off the entrance to Buzzards Bay. Rainbow turned that buoy at 2:29:21 and Yankee at 2:31:16. Rainbow then was only 1 minute and 55 seconds ahead, but while Yankee had gained 15 seconds in time she had lost in distance, as they were sailing under a fresher breeze and going faster than at the first mark.

RACE 7 - AUGUST 30
Triangle 3 x 10 miles
  1st LEG 1st LEG RACE GAP
1 Rainbow 1:17:45 2:49:21 3:39:18  
2 Yankee 1:19:55 2:51:16 3:41:39 2' 21"

The Third and Last Leg.

With Genoa and staysail pulling, Rainbow drove down the third and last leg of the course. Yankee did not have on a staysail. After attaining a lead that Yankee had no chance of cutting down, Rainbow took off her staysail. She reeled off a speed of 12 knots. Rainbow cut the line at 3:18:19, 2 minutes and 21 seconds before Yankee.

This third straight victory for Rainbow over Yankee gave her five out of the seven trials held. Yankee has beaten Rainbow only once. Weetamoe, of course, was in some of the races.

Eighth trial race - August 31 - Rainbow vs. Yankee

NEWPORT, R.I., Aug. 31.— RAINBOW LEADING YANKEE OVER THE LINE BY ONE SECOND FRIDAY IN CONTEST OFF NEWPORT; Rainbow had won a fourth straight victoryCLOSEST FINISH IN HISTORY OF AMERICA'S CUP TRIALS. Rainbow Leading Yankee Over the Line by One Second Friday in Contest Off Newport. That Led to the Selection of the Winner to Meet Endeavour. over the Boston yacht Yankee, sailed by Charles Francis Adams, against one defeat in the final cup defense trials, and after one second.

When it came to the race today, Mr. Vanderbilt was tired. His face and bearing showed it. But he set himself to carry on. Yankee had three tons more pig-lead ballast put in her last night. She also used her double-clew jib for the first time. Her Genoa tore on the wind.

There was only a flicker of the northerly of yesterday when the yachts went out in the morning. The start was postponed. After a wait of more than two hours an air came east by south and a course was signaled for a start at 1:55 P. M. Both Rainbow and Yankee put on Genoa for the windward thrust without a sea hop to shake the breeze from the large head-sails.
They went around in a circle together, twice maneuvering for the start, Yankee leading and Rainbow heading around on her weather. Both had to luff when they straightened out for the line. When they crossed they had little head-way. Yankee was to windward. They went along close together for eight minutes, then, instead of Yankee moving ahead in command, Rainbow went through her lee all of a sudden. Yankee immediately tacked, and Rainbow went over to windward of her.
Rainbow from the airThey began to heel as the breeze took on life, and their long-footed Genoas filled. Soon they were tearing along. A staystail was set on Rainbow. Yankee’s Genoa tore. Rainbow’s was taken off and a working jib set. What was left of Yankee’s large headsail was pulled down and an ordinary jib set. Both were going fast, Rainbow working up a weather lead. They made a long port tack out in the direction of No Man’s Land.
At 3:05 P. M. Yankee tacked. Rainbow held on a minute-and-a-half longer and tacked to windward of her rival. Yankee tacked and put on her double clew jib. Rainbow went about, covering her every move. They then were headed in the direction of Squibnocket Beach, on Martha's Vineyard Island. From there they had to go past the island shore and the Devil's Bridge to the turning buoy. Breeze and sea lessened a tri?e.

They were so close into the beach that their sails stood out against the woods where the Indians are living, and their hulls against the sand below. There are six fathoms of water close to the beach there and each skipper held on before turning to get all the breeze there was off the land, as well as to keep out of the heading tide that was running :to the westward against them, with its full force out in the middle of the Sound.
Both swung together for the turning mark, Rainbow with her lead between Yankee and the buoy. Rainbow jibed around the buoy at 3:52:18 and Yankee at 3:53:51. That gave Rainbow her minute and thirty-three seconds lead.

The breeze came almost northeast in the Sound and was not enough aft for spinnakers. Both set ballooners. Yankee's parachute was brought out, in an effort to carry it and try to catch up. The halyard fouled and a man was sent aloft to clear it. Then the parachute was broken out. It sagged off to leeward, but filled and pulled.
Rainbow had on her ordinary spinnaker, with her ballooner. Out clear of the Elizabeth Islands the breeze followed them. Rainbow led past Vineyard Lightship by half a mile. With her parachute Yankee had more sail. She began to gain. Rainbow’s one-sided kite was taken down and her parachute put on. She had headed up some and could bear off with her kite pulling full.

POINTS WON DURING THE FINAL TRIAL RACES
  Race 1 Race 2 Race 3 Race 4 Race 5 Race 6 Race 7 Race 8 TOTAL
Rainbow 2 1   2 2 2 2 2 13
Yankee   2 2   1 0 1 1 7
Weetamoe 1   1 1         3

Yankee’s loftier parachute began to tug her along, however, in a surprising manner, and she drew up. Both eased the sheets of the big light sails until they lifted high above their bows, and the poles of them tilted far up.

Yankee began an attempt to take the breeze from Rainbow. The latter was elusive. Yankee's parachute folded up and she headed on the course. Then first one and the other kites alternately crumpled and filled. Yankee came on and was alongside Rainbow. Foot by foot,really - inch by inch - she gained. She just failed to get her nose ahead on the finishing line.

NEWPORT, R.I., Aug. 31.— RAINBOW TO DEFEND THE AMERICA'S CUP; Vanderbilt Yacht Is Selected After She Defeats Yankee for Fourth Time in Row.

George Cormack, Secretary of the New York Yacht Club and of the America’s Cup Committee came ashore at 7:35 P. M. after a meeting of the committee on the yacht Corsair out in the harbor here. He merely made the terse but telling remark:

“The Rainbow is selected to defend the America's Cup.”

Those on the committee who made the decision are Commodore Junius Spencer Morgan, Vice Commodore W. A. W. Stewart, chairman; Rear Commodore E. Townsend Irvin, Cornelius Vanderbilt, Van S. Merle-Smith and Mr. Cormack.

Some thought Yankee would get one more chance, or a race tomorrow.

Cette décision peut paraître précipitée et maladroite. Pourquoi avoir pris cette décision après une manche qui avait prouvé que les bateaux avaient des performances équivalentes.

POINTS WON DURING SEASON'S RACING BETWEEN CUP CANDIDATES
JUNE 16-AUGUST 31, 1934
  PRELIMINARY RACES
OBSERVATION
RACES
N.Y.Y.C. CRUISE
TRIAL RACES
TOTAL
Rainbow 11 12 17 13 53
Yankee 5 19 21 7 52
Weetamoe 7 8 14 3 32
Vanitie 6 14 18   38

Le tableau des résultats calculé avec le système appliqué par Harold Vanderbilt en 1930 pour Enterprise ne permet pas non plus de trancher. Certes, Rainbow a un point d’avance mais si Yankee avait affronté Weetamoe deux fois dans les épreuves finales comme son rival, c’est lui qui aurait un point d’avance. Que penser encore de la disqualification de Yankee dans le match du 24 juin contre Rainbow ? Encore une décision discutable. Serait-elle la même aujourd’hui et pourquoi avoir attendu trois semaines pour la publier ? Dernière remarque : Rainbow a couru la série préliminaire entre le 16 et le 24 juin en étant hors-jauge avec une dérive trop lourde et des winches sous le pont, non conformes au nouveau règlement de la Coupe, tout ceci sans pénalité.

Les sélectionneurs ne devaient pas très bien dormir quand Rainbow était mené 2 à 0 par Endeavour !

 

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